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肝硬化患者营养不良、肌肉减少症及骨质疏松的防治

肖慧娟 韩涛

肖慧娟, 韩涛. 肝硬化患者营养不良、肌肉减少症及骨质疏松的防治[J]. 临床肝胆病杂志, 2021, 37(1): 26-30. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5256.2021.01.006
引用本文: 肖慧娟, 韩涛. 肝硬化患者营养不良、肌肉减少症及骨质疏松的防治[J]. 临床肝胆病杂志, 2021, 37(1): 26-30. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5256.2021.01.006
XIAO HJ, HAN T. Prevention and treatment of mal-nutrition,sarcopenia, and osteoporosis in patients with liver cirrhosis[J]. J Clin Hepatol, 2021, 37(1): 26-30. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5256.2021.01.006
Citation: XIAO HJ, HAN T. Prevention and treatment of mal-nutrition,sarcopenia, and osteoporosis in patients with liver cirrhosis[J]. J Clin Hepatol, 2021, 37(1): 26-30. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5256.2021.01.006

肝硬化患者营养不良、肌肉减少症及骨质疏松的防治

DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5256.2021.01.006
基金项目: 

国家十三五科技重大专项 2017ZX10203201-007

详细信息
    作者简介:

    肖慧娟(1983—),女,在读博士,主要从事消化系统疾病、肝病的营养诊疗和代谢研究

    通讯作者:

    韩涛,hantaomd@126.com

  • 作者贡献声明:肖慧娟负责收集分析资料,撰写论文;韩涛拟定写作思路,指导文章撰写及修改并最后定稿。
  • 中图分类号: R575.2

Prevention and treatment of malnutrition, sarcopenia, and osteoporosis in patients with liver cirrhosis

  • 摘要: 营养不良、肌肉减少症(肌少症)及骨质疏松是肝硬化患者常见的营养相关并发症,肌少症是营养不良的重要表现,而营养不良、肌少症又是骨质疏松发生的危险因素,三者相互关系密切,且都对肝硬化患者的临床结局和预后产生不良影响,故要及早发现,积极防治。营养物质摄入不足、代谢紊乱、激素水平异常、身体活动缺乏等促使肝硬化患者易出现营养不良、肌少症及骨质疏松。此外,肝病治疗常用药物如糖皮质激素、某些抗病毒药物等可能影响骨代谢,需引起临床关注。合理的营养干预、适当的运动和基础疾病的治疗是防治营养不良、肌少症及骨质疏松的基础。一些针对性治疗药物可有助于改善患者的上述营养相关并发症,但仍需进一步研究证实。
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-10-05
  • 修回日期:  2020-11-14
  • 刊出日期:  2021-01-18
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