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茵陈蒿汤对自身免疫性肝炎小鼠肝细胞铁死亡的抑制作用及其机制分析

李竹蓉 陈晨 郭地 吕思学 武嘉文 杨娜 刘杨

引用本文:
Citation:

茵陈蒿汤对自身免疫性肝炎小鼠肝细胞铁死亡的抑制作用及其机制分析

DOI: 10.12449/JCH240311
基金项目: 

山西省科学技术厅山西省重点国别科技合作项目 (202104041101013)

山西中医药大学科技创新团队项目 (2022TD2003)

中西医结合防治风湿免疫病山西省科技创新人才重点团队 (202204051002033)

山西中医药大学学科建设项目 (2023XKJS-03)

山西省自然科学基金 (202203021222272)

伦理学声明:本研究方案于2021年9月29日经由山西中医药大学实验动物伦理委员会审批,批号:2019LL41。
利益冲突声明:本文不存在任何利益冲突。
作者贡献声明:李竹蓉负责设计论文框架,起草论文及研究过程的实施;陈晨、郭地负责实验操作,数据收集;吕思学、武嘉文负责统计学分析;杨娜、刘杨负责论文修改;刘杨负责拟定写作思路,指导撰写文章并最后定稿。
详细信息
    通信作者:

    刘杨, liuyang1980@sxtcm.edu.cn (ORCID: 0000-0002-6627-5002)

Role and mechanism of action of Yinchenhao Decoction in inhibiting ferroptosis of hepatocytes in mice with autoimmune hepatitis

Research funding: 

Shanxi Provincial Key Country Science and Technology Cooperation Project Shanxi Provincial Science and Technology Department (202104041101013);

Science and Technology Innovation Team Project of Shanxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (2022TD2003);

Key Team of Science and Technology Innovation Talents of Shanxi Province for Prevention and Treatment of Rheumatological and Immunological diseases by Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine (202204051002033);

Discipline Construction Project of Shanxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (2023XKJS-03);

Natural Science Foundation Project of Shanxi Province (202203021222272)

More Information
  • 摘要:   目的  探讨茵陈蒿汤对自身免疫性肝炎小鼠肝细胞铁死亡的抑制作用及机制。  方法  选取SPF级雌性C57BL/6小鼠18只,采用随机数字表法分为正常组、模型组、治疗组,每组6只。模型组和治疗组采用刀豆蛋白A(Con A)尾静脉注射制备自身免疫性肝炎小鼠模型,正常组注射生理盐水。治疗组于造模前14天,给予茵陈蒿汤(4.68 g生药/kg)预防性灌胃治疗,末次灌胃给药后注射Con A。分别检测ALT、AST、IFN-γ、TNF-α、铁离子、GSH、ROS、ATP、MDA水平,计算肝脏指数、脾脏指数,并观察GPX4、SLC7A11的表达;比较各组小鼠肝脏病理组织变化。正态分布的计量资料3组间比较采用单因素方差分析,进一步两两比较采用LSD-t检验。  结果  与正常组比较,模型组肝脏指数、脾脏指数、ALT、AST、IFN-γ、TNF-α、铁离子、ROS、MDA水平均升高(P值均<0.05),GSH、ATP含量及GPX4、SLC7A11蛋白表达水平降低(P值均<0.05)。与模型组比较,治疗组肝脏指数、脾脏指数、ALT、AST、IFN-γ、TNF-α、铁离子、ROS、MDA水平均降低(P值均<0.05),GSH、ATP含量及GPX4、SLC7A11蛋白表达水平升高(P值均<0.01)。HE染色结果显示,与正常组比较,模型组小鼠肝脏出现大面积肝细胞变性、坏死、门管区炎细胞聚集,治疗组处理的小鼠肝脏坏死和炎性浸润程度较模型组有所减轻。  结论  Con A诱导肝组织损伤可能与铁死亡有关。茵陈蒿汤可以增加SLC7A11/GPX4蛋白的表达水平进而抵抗Con A诱导的肝细胞铁死亡。

     

  • 图  1  茵陈蒿汤对小鼠肝组织形态学的影响(HE染色)

    注: 黑色箭头所示为淋巴细胞浸润程度。

    Figure  1.  Effect of Yinchenhao decoction on liver morphology of mice (HE staining)

    图  2  茵陈蒿汤对小鼠肝组织中GPX4和SLC7A11蛋白表达的影响

    Figure  2.  Effect of Yinchenhao decoction on GPX4 and SLC7A11 protein expression in liver tissue of mice

    表  1  茵陈蒿汤对小鼠肝/脾指数、血清ALT和AST水平的影响

    Table  1.   Effect of Yinchenhao decoction on liver and spleen index, serum ALT and AST levels in mice

    组别 动物数(只) 肝脏指数(mg/g) 脾脏指数(mg/g) ALT(U/L) AST(U/L)
    正常组 6 50.09±1.60 3.51±0.31 63.51±12.29 106.56±3.50
    模型组 6 62.84±4.381) 6.74±0.691) 307.31±22.951) 231.85±9.951)
    治疗组 6 50.64±1.632) 3.63±0.672) 93.87±17.642) 108.28±11.612)
    F 38.33 59.31 321.40 377.50
    P <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01
    注:与正常组比较,1)P<0.01;与模型组比较,2)P<0.01。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  茵陈蒿汤对小鼠肝组织中ROS产生、铁离子、MDA、GSH、ATP水平的影响

    Table  2.   Effects of Yinchenhao decoction on ROS production, Fe, MDA, GSH and ATP levels in liver tissue of mice

    组别 动物数(只) ROS(AU) 铁离子(μmol/kg) MDA(nmol/mg) GSH(μmol/g) ATP(nmol/g)
    正常组 6 6.00±1.75 137.97±16.91 1.14±0.13 17.91±3.20 0.30±0.04
    模型组 6 19.09±1.631) 867.09±161.881) 1.82±0.211) 2.09±0.371) 0.18±0.021)
    治疗组 6 7.85±2.482) 303.93±135.252) 1.41±0.062) 34.10±7.442) 0.65±0.112)
    F 76.32 58.70 31.49 70.11 69.92
    P <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.05
    注:与正常组比较,1)P<0.05;与模型组比较,2)P<0.01。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  茵陈蒿汤对Con A诱导肝损伤小鼠血清IFN-γ、TNF-α的影响

    Table  3.   Effects of Yinchenhao decoction on serum IFN-γ and TNF-α production in mice with Con A induced liver injury

    组别 动物数(只) IFN-γ(pg/mL) TNF-α(pg/mL)
    正常组 6 356.08±19.93 309.19±13.32
    模型组 6 405.57±49.801) 357.44±25.721)
    治疗组 6 357.13±8.922) 318.84±8.162)
    F 4.87 12.95
    P <0.05 <0.01
    注:与正常组比较,1)P<0.05;与模型组比较,2)P<0.05。
    下载: 导出CSV
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