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慢性HBV感染者获得病毒学应答后肝纤维化/肝硬化逆转因素的分析
Analysis of reversal factors associated with liver fibrosis/cirrhosis in patients with chronic HBV infection after achieving virologic response
文章发布日期:2018年06月07日  来源:  作者:杨艳,张新  点击次数:338次  下载次数:55次

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【摘要】:慢性HBV感染可导致不同程度的肝纤维化,而肝纤维化是肝硬化发生的重要病理基础,控制甚至逆转肝纤维化对于降低肝硬化、肝细胞癌等终末期疾病的发病率尤为重要。慢性HBV感染者经长期抗HBV治疗获得病毒学应答后肝脏炎症消退,肝纤维化甚至肝硬化可得到不同程度的逆转,甚至完全恢复至正常结构,具体机制及相关影响因素目前尚不十分明确。归纳并分析了近年来关于慢性HBV感染者获得病毒学应答后肝纤维化/肝硬化逆转的相关研究,总结了可能与慢性HBV感染者抗病毒治疗后肝纤维化/肝硬化逆转的相关影响因素,包括年龄、性别、宿主因素、病毒因素、治疗因素、代谢相关因素等,但仍有其他的相关影响因素有待进一步研究。
【Abstract】:Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can lead to varying degrees of liver fibrosis, which is an important pathological basis of liver cirrhosis. The incidence of end-stage liver diseases such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma can be reduced by controlling and even reversing liver fibrosis. After achieving virologic response (VR) to long-term anti-HBV therapy, patients with chronic HBV infection have resolution of inflammation, varying degrees of reversal of liver fibrosis and even liver cirrhosis, or even complete recovery of normal liver structure, but the specific mechanism and influencing factors remain unclear. This article reviews the recent studies on the reversal of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis after achieving VR in patients with chronic HBV infection, and summarizes the influencing factors for reversal of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis in patients with chronic HBV infection after antiviral therapy, including age, sex, host factors, viral factors, therapeutic factors, and metabolic factors, but a lot of factors still await further investigation.
【关键字】:肝炎病毒,乙型;肝硬化;病毒学应答;综述
【Key words】:hepatitis B Virus; liver cirrhosis; virological response; review
【引证本文】:YANG Y, ZHANG X. Analysis of reversal factors associated with liver fibrosis/cirrhosis in patients with chronic HBV infection after achieving sustained virologic response[J]. J Clin Hepatol, 2018, 34(7): 1543-1546. (in Chinese)
杨艳, 张新. 慢性HBV感染者获得病毒学应答后肝纤维化/肝硬化逆转因素的分析[J]. 临床肝胆病杂志, 2018, 34(7): 1543-1546.

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