首 页   本刊简介  编委会  审稿专家  在线期刊  写作规范  广告合作  联系我们
您现在的位置:首页 => 在线期刊 => 1期肝纤维化及肝硬化 => 肝纤维化及肝硬化 =>PLT计数﹑FIB-4、APRI与肝硬化..
PLT计数﹑FIB-4、APRI与肝硬化食管静脉曲张发生及严重程度的相关性分析
Association of platelet count, fibrosis-4, and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index with the development and severity of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis
文章发布日期:2017年12月09日  来源:  作者:王报,牛俊奇  点击次数:86次  下载次数:20次

调整字体大小:

(此处下载失败可以在在线预览处保存副本或者右键另存为)

【摘要】:目的 探讨PLT计数及基于4因子的肝纤维化指标(FIB-4)、AST/PLT比值指数(APRI)在预测肝硬化患者食管静脉曲张(EV)发生及分级中的临床价值。方法 回顾性分析2012年1月-2015年12月就诊于吉林大学第一医院肝胆胰内科的163例肝硬化患者的临床资料。所有患者均于入院1周内行上消化道内镜检查。依据PLT计数将入选患者分为4组,PLT≤50×109/L组27例,50×109/L至≤100×109/L组84例,100×109/L至≤150×109/L组26例,PLT计数>150×109/L组26例;并记录Child-Pugh评分及FIB-4、APRI,分析PLT计数及FIB-4、APRI与EV的关系。符合正态分布的计量资料多组间比较采用单因素方差分析,进一步两两比较采用LSD-t检验,不符合正态分布的计量资料多组间比较采用Kruskall-Wallis H检验,进一步两两比较采用Dunn-Bonferroni检验;计数资料组间比较采用χ2检验,不满足χ2检验条件者,则用Fisher确切检验;PLT计数及FIB-4、APRI与EV相关性分析采用Spearman秩相关。用受试者工作特征(ROC)曲线及曲线下面积(AUC)评价PLT计数及FIB-4、APRI对EV的诊断价值。结果 163例肝硬化患者中,发生EV共114例,无EV患者49例。不同PLT计数的肝硬化患者EV的发生差异有统计学意义(χ2=27.36,P<0.001)。PLT>150×109/L的肝硬化患者发生EV及重度EV的比例明显低于PLT计数≤150×109/L的患者(34.6% vs 76.6%;46.7% vs 3.8%),差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.001)。不同PLT计数的患者FIB-4、APRI差异均有统计学意义(χ2值分别为102.58和57.02,P值均<0.001)。PLT计数与EV程度呈负相关(r=-0.491,P<0.001),FIB-4、APRI与EV呈正相关(r值分别为0.460、0.325,P值均<0.001)。PLT计数及FIB-4、APRI预测有无EV的AUC和准确度分别为0.739、75.4%,0.732、71.2%及0.651、72.4%。PLT及FIB-4、APRI预测有无重度EV的AUC和准确度分别为0.763、69.3%,0.742、67.5%及0.676、66.3%。结论 PLT计数>150×109/L的肝硬化患者发生EV及重度EV的风险大大降低,PLT计数及FIB-4、APRI与肝硬化患者EV相关,但PLT计数及FIB-4、APRI尚不足以替代胃镜检查。
【Abstract】:Objective To investigate the clinical value of platelet count (PLT), fibrosis-4 (FIB-4), and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) in predicting the development and classification of esophageal varices (EVs). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 163 patients with liver cirrhosis who visited Department of Hepatology in The First Hospital of Jilin University from January 2012 to December 2015. All patients underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy within one week after admission. According to PLT, the patients were divided into PLT ≤50×109/L group with 27 patients, PLT 50×109/L-≤100×109/L group with 84 patients, PLT 100×109/L-≤150×109/L group with 26 patients, and PLT >150×109/L group with 26 patients. The Child-Pugh score, FIB-4, and APRI were recorded, and the association of PLT, FIB-4, and APRI with EVs was analyzed. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the LSD-t test was used for further comparison between any two groups; the Kruskall-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the Dunn-Bonferroni test was used for further comparison between any two groups. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups, and the Fisher′s test was used for the data which did not meet the conditions of the chi-square test. Spearman rank correlation was used to investigate the correlation of PLT, FIB-4, and APRI with EVs. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the values of PLT, FIB-4, and APRI in the diagnosis of EVs. Results Of all 163 patients with liver cirrhosis, 114 developed EVs and 49 did not experience EVs. There was a significant difference in the incidence rate of EVs between the cirrhotic patients with different PLTs (χ2=27.36, P<0.001). Compared with those with PLT≤150×109/L, the cirrhotic patients with PLT >150×109/L had a significantly lower proportion of patients with EVs (34.6% vs 76.6%, P<0.001) or severe EVs (3.8% vs 46.7%, P<0.001). There were significant differences in FIB-4 and APRI between the patients with different PLTs (χ2=102.58 and 57.02, both P<0.001). PLT was negatively correlated with the degree of EVs (r=-0.491, P<0.001), and FIB-4 and APRI were positively correlated with the degree of EVs (r=0.460 and 0.325, both P<0.001). PLT had an AUC of 0.739 and an accuracy of 75.4% in predicting the presence or absence of EVs, while FIB-4 had an AUC of 0.732 and an accuracy of 71.2% and APRI had an AUC of 0.651 and an accuracy of 72.4%. PLT had an AUC of 0.763 and an accuracy of 69.3% in predicting the presence or absence of severe EVs, while FIB-4 had an AUC of 0.742 and an accuracy of 67.5% and APRI had an AUC of 0.676 and an accuracy of 66.3%. Conclusion Cirrhotic patients with PLT >150×109/L have a significant reduction in the risk of EVs or severe EVs. PLT, FIB-4, and APRI are correlated with the degree of EVs in cirrhotic patients, but they cannot fully replace gastroscopy.
【关键字】:肝硬化;食管和胃静脉曲张;血小板;诊断
【Key words】:liver cirrhosis; esophageal and gastric varices; blood platelets; diagnosis
【引证本文】:WANG B, NIU JQ. Association of platelet count, fibrosis-4, and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index with the development and severity of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis[J]. J Clin Hepatol, 2018, 34(1): 84-88. (in Chinese)
王报, 牛俊奇. PLT计数、FIB-4、APRI与肝硬化食管静脉曲张发生及严重程度的相关性分析[J]. 临床肝胆病杂志, 2018, 34(1): 84-88.

地址:长春市东民主大街519号《临床肝胆病杂志》编辑部 邮编:130061 电话:0431-88782542/3542
临床肝胆病杂志 版权所有 Copyright © 2009 - 2013 Lcgdbzz.org. All Rights Reserv 吉ICP备10000617号

吉公网安备 22010402000041号