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中国胰腺癌多学科综合治疗模式专家共识(2020版)
Expert consensus on the MDT model of pancreatic cancer in China(2020 version)
文章发布日期:2020年08月22日  来源:  作者:中国医师协会肿瘤医师分会,中国医疗保健国际交流促进会胰腺疾病专家委员会,中国医药教育协会腹部肿瘤专家委员会  点击次数:749次  下载次数:297次

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【摘要】:胰腺癌的病因尚未完全明确,预防便尤为困难。辅助检测手段的灵敏度和特异度低,早诊是世界性难题,现有的治疗手段疗效不满意,且短期内难以突破,总的5年生存率仅7.2%。面对胰腺癌的现状,要加强基础研究、探究其病因和发病机制,去除病因、切断发生发展路径。研发高灵敏度、高特异度的外周血和尿液等检测技术以及影像诊断技术以提高早期诊断率和疗效,然而基础和早期诊断技术的研究时间长、费用高,短期内难以见效。因此,急需解决的问题是通过规范的MDT、优化组合现有的诊疗方法,制订个性化的治疗方案,达到改善疗效的目的。本共识是在第1版的基础上,基于胰腺癌的诊治现状且短期内难以突破的窘境,参照国际、国内成功的诊治经验、结合中国国情、由国内业界众多知名专家参与,经反复推敲、讨论、几易其稿成文。本共识就MDT的意义和宗旨、主要任务、开展的必要客观条件、工作流程、注意事项、相关临床和基础研究、多中心MDT模式探索、eMDT模式探索等方面进行了详细论述,希望能为推动我国胰腺癌MDT的规范化开展、改善胰腺癌的疗效、总结成功经验、促进国际交流、加强人才培养和梯队建设有所脾益;为国家制订相关政策、推动全国MDT的开展有所帮助。本共识是中国制定的MDT模式的专家共识,不仅仅适用于胰腺癌,也可供其他肿瘤借鉴。
【Abstract】:The current situation of pancreatic cancer is that the etiology is not clear and prevention is impossible. The sensitivity and specificity of the auxiliary detection methods are low, and early diagnosis is a worldwide problem. The efficacy of existing treatment methods is not satisfactory, and it is difficult to break through in a short time. The overall 5-year survival rate is only 7.2%.In the face of the current situation of pancreatic cancer, the solution to the key problems is to strengthen basic research, explore its etiology and pathogenesis, remove the cause, cut off the path of occurrence and development, which is the only correct way to overcome pancreatic cancer. It is an important way to significantly improve the efficacy by developing peripheral blood, urine detection technology with high sensitivity and specificity, imaging diagnosis technology, and improving the early diagnosis rate. However, the research on basic and early diagnostic techniques takes a long time and costs a lot, which makes it difficult to achieve results in a short time. Therefore, the problem to be solved urgently is to develop a personalized treatment plan through standardized MDT, optimized combination of existing diagnosis and treatment methods, so as to achieve the purpose of improving the efficacy. This expert consensus is developed from the first edition, which is based on the diagnosis and treatment status of pancreatic cancer and the dilemma that is difficult to break through in a short time, with reference to the successful diagnosis and treatment experience at home and abroad, combined with the national conditions of our country, after repeated deliberation, discussion and revison by many well-known experts in the domestic industry. This consensus discusses the meaning and purpose, the main tasks, the necessary objective conditions for carrying out, workflows, precautions, relevant clinical and basic research of MDT, multi-center MDT and eMDT mode exploration in detail.Through the formulation and publication of this consensus, we hope that it can help to promote the standardized development of pancreatic cancer MDT and improve the efficacy of pancreatic cancer in China, to summarize successful experience and promote international exchanges, to strengthen personnel training and echelon construction, to formulate relevant policies and promote the development of MDT in the whole country. This consensus is expert consensus on the MDT model developed in China, which is not only applicable to pancreatic cancer, but also can be used as a reference for other tumors.
【关键字】:胰腺肿瘤; 多学科综合治疗; 共识
【Key words】:pancreatic neoplasms; multidisciplinary treatment; consensus
【引证本文】:Chinese Society for Clinical Oncologists; Expert Committee on Pancreatic Diseases, China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care; Expert Committee on Abdominal Neoplasms, China Medicine Education Association. Expert consensus on the MDT model of pancreatic cancer in China(2020 version)[J]. J Clin Hepatol, 2020, 36(9): 1947-1951. (in Chinese)
中国医师协会肿瘤医师分会, 中国医疗保健国际交流促进会胰腺疾病专家委员会, 中国医药教育协会腹部肿瘤专家委员会. 中国胰腺癌多学科综合治疗模式专家共识(2020版)[J]. 临床肝胆病杂志, 2020, 36(9): 1947-1951.

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