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自身免疫性肝炎小鼠模型差异表达基因的筛查及柴胡皂苷D对部分差异表达基因表达的影响
Screening for differentially expressed genes in mice with autoimmune hepatitis and effect of saikosaponin-d on the expression of several differentially expressed genes
文章发布日期:2020年03月11日  来源:  作者:陈浩,郝健亨,李振城,等  点击次数:263次  下载次数:40次

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【摘要】:目的 对自身免疫性肝炎(AIH)小鼠模型的差异表达基因进行基因芯片筛查,并观察柴胡皂苷D(SS-d)对部分差异表达基因表达的影响,探讨AIH的发病机制及SS-d对该病的治疗作用机制。方法 健康、雌性SPF级C57BL/6小鼠40只[体质量(20±2) g],分为基因芯片组(n=8)和SS-d治疗组(n=32)。基因芯片组小鼠又分为正常对照组(n=4)和模型组(n =4),正常对照组常规饲养,模型组小鼠按15 mg/kg剂量给予尾静脉注射刀豆蛋白A(Con A),12 h后处死并提取肝组织,按Agilent芯片说明书进行差异表达基因的筛选,采用荧光定量PCR技术对部分差异表达基因进行验证。SS-d治疗组小鼠随机分为正常组(常规饲养)、模型组(按15 mg/kg剂量给予尾静脉注射Con A)、SS-d低剂量组和SS-d高剂量组(分别按2.5 mg/kg和5.0 mg/kg剂量给予腹腔注射SS-d预处理,8 h后按15 mg/kg剂量给予尾静脉注射Con A)(每组8只)。12 h后收集各组小鼠静脉血,ELISA法检测血清ALT、AST。无菌条件下提取小鼠肝组织,部分多聚甲醛固定后切片,并进行HE染色;部分肝组织用于提取RNA,采用荧光定量PCR技术检测部分差异表达基因(IFNγ、IL-4、IL-5、IL-13和IL-17)的mRNA水平变化。多组间比较采用单因素方差分析,进一步两两比较采用LSD-t法检验;两组间比较采用t检验。结果 基因芯片组小鼠共筛查差异表达基因11 512个,其中上调5189个,下调6323个,显著富集于138条信号通路;荧光定量PCR验证结果显示,与正常对照组比较,模型组小鼠IFNγ mRNA和IL-17 mRNA的表达升高(P值均<0.01),而IL-4 mRNA、IL-5 mRNA和IL-13 mRNA的表达下调(P值均<0.01),与芯片筛查结果一致。在SS-d治疗组中,与正常对照组比较,模型组小鼠血清ALT、AST水平均升高(P值均<0.01);肝组织内可见大量淋巴细胞浸润;IFNγ mRNA和IL-17 mRNA的表达水平明显升高(P值均<0.05),而IL-4 mRNA、IL-5 mRNA和IL-13 mRNA的表达水平明显降低(P值均<0.05)。与模型组比较,SS-d低剂量组和SS-d高剂量组小鼠血清ALT、AST水平均降低(P值均<0.05),肝组织内淋巴细胞浸润程度减轻;IFNγ mRNA和IL-17 mRNA的表达水平均降低(P值均<0.05),IL-4 mRNA、IL-5 mRNA和IL-13 mRNA的表达水平均升高(P值均<0.05),上述基因的含量变化差异在SS-d高剂量组与SS-d低剂量组之间具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 AIH的发生发展系大量基因异常表达的共同作用结果。其中IFNγ、IL-4、IL-5、IL-13、IL-17与AIH的发病密切相关,同时也是SS-d发挥免疫调节及肝损伤保护作用的生物学靶点。
【Abstract】:Objective To investigate the differentially expressed genes in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) mice by microarray screening, the effect of saikosaponin-d (SS-d) on several differentially expressed genes, the pathogenesis of AIH, and the therapeutic mechanism of SS-d. Methods A total of 40 healthy female specific pathogen-free C57BL/6 mice (with a body weight of 20±2 g) were divided into gene chip group with 8 mice and SS-d treatment group with 32 mice. The mice in the gene chip group were further divided into normal control group and model group, with 4 mice in each group; the mice in the normal control group were given normal feeding, and those in the model group were given injection of concanavalin A (Con A) via the caudal vein at a dose of 15 mg/kg; the mice were sacrificed 12 hours later to collect liver tissue samples, the differentially expressed genes were screened out according to the instructions of Agilent chip, and some differentially expressed genes were verified by quantitative real-time PCR. The mice in the SS-d treatment group were randomly divided into normal control group (routine feeding), model group (injection of Con A via the caudal vein at a dose of 15 mg/kg), and low- and high-dose SS-d groups (pretreated with intraperitoneal injection of SS-d at doses of 2.5 mg/kg and 5.0 mg/kg, respectively, followed by the injection of Con A via the caudal vein at a dose of 15 mg/kg 8 hours later), with 8 mice in each group. Venous blood samples were collected 12 hours later, and ELISA was used to measure serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Liver tissue samples were collected under sterile conditions; some samples were fixed by paraformaldehyde to prepare sections, and HE staining was performed; some liver tissue samples were used to extract RNA, and quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the changes in the mRNA expression of several differentially expressed genes (interferon γ [IFN γ], interleukin-4 [IL-4], interleukin-5 [IL-5], interleukin-13 [IL-13], and interleukin-17 [IL-17]). A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. The t-test was used between two groups. Results A total of 11 512 differentially expressed genes were screened out for the gene chip group, with 5189 upregulated genes and 6323 downregulated genes, which were significantly enriched in 138 signaling pathways. The results of quantitative real-time PCR showed that increases in the mRNA expression of IFN γ and IL-17 and reductions in the mRNA expression of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13(all P<0.01), which was consistent with the results of chip screening. Compared with the normal control group, the SS-d treatment group had significant increases in the serum levels of ALT and AST (all P<0.01) and the mRNA expression of IFN γ and IL-17 (all P<0.05), significant reductions in the mRNA expression of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 (all P<0.05), and infiltration of a large number of lymphocytes in liver tissue. Compared with the model group, the low- and high-dose SS-d groups had significant reductions in the serum levels of ALT and AST (all P<0.05) and the degree of lymphocyte infiltration in liver tissue, as well as significant reductions in the mRNA expression of IFN-γ and IL-17 (all P<0.05) and significant increases in the mRNA expression of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 (all P<0.05), and there were significant differences in the changes in these genes between the high- and low-dose SS-d groups (P<0.05). Conclusion The development and progression of AIH is the result of abnormal expression of a large number of genes, among which IFN γ, IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and IL-17 are closely associated with the pathogenesis of AIH and are the main biological targets for SS-d to exert an immunoregulatory effect and a protective effect against liver injury.
【关键字】:肝炎,自身免疫性; 柴胡皂苷-d; 基因表达; 小鼠,近交C57BL
【Key words】:hepatitis,autoimmune; saikosaponin-d; gene expression; mice,inbred C57BL
【引证本文】:CHEN H, HAO JH, LI ZC, et al. Screening for differentially expressed genes in mice with autoimmune hepatitis and effect of saikosaponin-d on the expression of several differentially expressed genes[J]. J Clin Hepatol, 2020, 36(4): 840-846. (in Chinese)
陈浩, 郝健亨, 李振城, 等. 自身免疫性肝炎小鼠模型差异表达基因的筛查及柴胡皂苷D对部分差异表达基因表达的影响[J]. 临床肝胆病杂志, 2020, 36(4): 840-846.

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