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脂肪性肝病诊疗规范化的专家建议(2019年修订版)
Expert recommendations on standardized diagnosis and treatment for fatty liver disease(2019 revised edition)
文章发布日期:2019年10月25日  来源:  作者:中国研究型医院学会肝病专业委员会,中国医师协会脂肪性肝病专家委员会,中华医学会肝病学分会脂肪肝与酒精性肝病学组, 等  点击次数:497次  下载次数:395次

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【摘要】: 目前,非酒精性脂肪性肝病(NAFLD)已成为我国最常见的慢性肝病。本建议从以下5个方面对NAFLD的规范化诊断和治疗进行了修订:(1)诊治中心/专病门诊的组织架构及功能;(2)筛查和评估:包括筛查对象、初步评估、病因筛查、非酒精性脂肪性肝炎和进展性肝纤维化的无创诊断、肝活组织病理学检查以及代谢紊乱和心血管风险评估等;(3)临床处理包括生活方式(饮食运动减重)调整,合并糖脂代谢紊乱、高血压等特殊人群的处理以及脂肪性肝炎和肝纤维化的药物选择;(4)特殊人群的管理包括儿童、妊娠和哺乳期妇女、合并酒精性肝病、慢性HBV和(或)HCV感染以及合并自身免疫现象等;(5)监测与随访。本建议旨在优化NAFLD患者的管理流程,指导临床医生制订更为合理的诊疗决策。
【Abstract】: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease in China. To provide evidence-based and updated practical recommendations for clinician, this expert recommendations have updated the diagnosis and treatment of NAFLD in five aspects as follows: (1) the framework of NAFLD treatment centre or clinic; (2) screening and evaluation: who should be screened, initial evaluation items, non-invasive assessment of steatohepatitis and advanced fibrosis, when to obtain a liver biopsy in patients with NAFLD, and other metabolic disorders and cardiovascular risk assessment; (3) managements of patient with NAFLD: lifestyle intervention (dietary, exercise and weight loss), drug treating metabolic co-morbidities such as hyperlipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and steatohepatitis and fibrosis; (4) management of special populations with NAFLD: children, pregnant or lactating women, patients co-existence with alcoholic liver disease, chronic HBV and/or HCV infection, and autoimmune disorders; (5) monitoring and follow-up. This consensus aims to modify the optimizing management process and guide physicians make correct and reasonable decisions in the diagnosis and treatment for patients with NAFLD.
【关键字】:脂肪肝; 代谢综合征; 酒精中毒; 诊断; 治疗学; 共识
【Key words】:fatty liver; metabolic syndrome; alcoholism; diagnosis; therapeutics; consensus
【引证本文】:Committee of Hepatology, Chinese Research Hospital Association; Fatty Liver Expert Committee, Chinese Medical Doctor Association; National Workshop on Fatty Liver and Alcoholic Liver Disease, Chinese Society of Hepatology; et al. Expert recommendations on standardized diagnosis and treatment for fatty liver disease(2019 revised edition)[J]. J Clin Hepatol, 2019, 35(11): 2426-2430. (in Chinese)
中国研究型医院学会肝病专业委员会,中国医师协会脂肪性肝病专家委员会,中华医学会肝病学分会脂肪肝与酒精性肝病学组, 等. 脂肪性肝病诊疗规范化的专家建议(2019年修订版)[J]. 临床肝胆病杂志, 2019, 35(11): 2426-2430.

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